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β-Carotene bioavailability and conversion efficiency are significantly affected by sex in rats. First observation suggesting a possible hormetic regulation of vitamin A metabolism in female rats

Abstract : Scope: To study the effect of variation in dietary vitamin A (VA) content on its hepatic and intestinal metabolism. Methods and results: Adult female and male rats were fed with diets containing 400, 2300, or 9858 IU/kg VA for 31-33 weeks. VA concentrations were measured in plasma and liver. Bioavailability and intestinal conversion efficiency of β-carotene to VA were assessed by measuring postprandial plasma β-carotene and retinyl palmitate concentrations after force-feeding rats with β-carotene. Expression of genes involved in VA metabolism, together with concentrations of RBP4, BCO1 and SR-BI proteins, were measured in the intestine and liver of female rats. Plasma retinol concentrations were lower and hepatic free retinol concentrations were higher in females than in males. There was no effect of dietary VA content on β-carotene bioavailability and its conversion efficiency, but bioavailability was higher and conversion efficiency was lower in females than in males. The expression of most genes exhibited a U-shaped dose response curve depending on VA intake. Main conclusions: β-Carotene bioavailability and conversion efficiency to VA are affected by the sex of rats. Results of gene expression suggest a hormetic regulation of VA metabolism in female rats.
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03375374
Contributor : Patrick Borel Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 3:11:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:50:37 PM

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Patrick Borel, Romane Troadec, Morgane Damiani, Charlotte Halimi, Marion Nowicki, et al.. β-Carotene bioavailability and conversion efficiency are significantly affected by sex in rats. First observation suggesting a possible hormetic regulation of vitamin A metabolism in female rats. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2021, pp.2100650. ⟨10.1002/mnfr.202100650⟩. ⟨hal-03375374⟩

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