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Assessment of CareStart G6PD rapid diagnostic test and CareStart G6PD biosensor in Mauritania

Abstract : Abstract Background The elimination of Plasmodium vivax malaria requires 8-aminoquinolines, which are contraindicated in patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency due to the risk of acute haemolytic anaemia. Several point-of-care devices have been developed to detect G6PD deficiency. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the performance of two of these devices against G6PD genotypes in Mauritania. Methods Outpatients were screened for G6PD deficiency using CareStart™ rapid diagnostic test (RDT) and CareStart™ G6PD biosensor in Nouakchott, Mauritania, in 2019–2020. African-type and Mediterranean-type G6PD genotypes commonly observed in Africa were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and sequencing. Qualitative variables were compared using Fisher’s exact test. Results Of 323 patients (74 males and 249 females), 5 males and 2 homozygous females had the African-type A- genotype: A −(202) in 3 males and 2 females and G6PD A −(968) in 2 males. Among heterozygous females, 13 carried G6PD A −(202) , 12 G6PD A −(968) , and 3 G6PD A −(542) variants. None had the Mediterranean-type G6PD genotype. Eight had a positive G6PD RDT result, including all 7 hemizygous males and homozygous females with A- or A-A- (0.12 to 2.34 IU/g haemoglobin, according to G6PD biosensor), but RDT performed poorly (sensitivity, 11.1% at the cut-off level of < 30%) and yielded many false negative tests. Thirty-seven (50.0%) males and 141 (56.6%) females were anaemic. The adjusted median values of G6PD activity were 5.72 and 5.34 IU/g haemoglobin in non-anaemic males ( n = 35) and non-anaemic males and females ( n = 130) with normal G6PD genotypes using G6PD biosensor, respectively. Based on the adjusted median of 5.34 IU/g haemoglobin, the performance of G6PD biosensor against genotyping was as follows: at 30% cut-off, the sensitivity and specificity were 85.7% and 91.7%, respectively, and at 80% cut-off, the sensitivity was 100% while the specificity was 64.9%. Conclusions Although this pilot study supports the utility of biosensor to screen for G6PD deficiency in patients, further investigation in parallel with spectrophotometry is required to promote and validate a more extensive use of this point-of-care device in areas where P. vivax is highly prevalent in Mauritania. Graphic abstract
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https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03421032
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 9, 2021 - 3:06:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 25, 2022 - 3:10:11 AM

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Oum Kelthoum Mamadou Djigo, yacoub Ould Khalef, Mohamed Salem Ould Ahmedou Salem, Nicolas Gomez, Leonardo Basco, et al.. Assessment of CareStart G6PD rapid diagnostic test and CareStart G6PD biosensor in Mauritania. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, BMC, 2021, 10 (1), ⟨10.1186/s40249-021-00889-2⟩. ⟨hal-03421032⟩

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