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Analyses de témoignages de personnes ayant vécu des violence(s) sexuelle(s)

Abstract : Background and aims: After the amount of denunciation of sexual violences launched by #metoo, many studies have pointed the normative changes on rape myths acceptance (Kunst et al., 2018; Szekeres et al., 2020). The social context created by metoo also affects the subjective experience of the consequences of violence (Strauss Swanson & Szymanski, 2020), as well as the concerns of survivors of sexual violence about their legitimacy to report (Sambaraju, 2020). These changes, both normative and subjective, may raise questions about the evolution of public report about sexual violence, at the intersection of private and public space. Focus on the underlying ideology of reports of sexual violence on social networks would help to understand the evolution of the effect of #Metoo on reports that launched the movement. Reports of sexual violence, reflecting contemporary social concerns, can be used as an opportunity to study socio-representational (Py, 2004) and socio-normative processes (Fairclough, 2010). A psychosocial analysis of reports, based on lexicometric tools, enabled us to grasp "lexical worlds" (Kalampalikis, 2003, p. 151) and their evolution. Methods: 218 posts, relating the post-violence experience, were collected between 16 October 2017 and 05 August 2021 on three forums. Three lexicometric analyses, with the IRaMuTeQ software, were performed using the Reinert method. One was performed on the whole corpus, the two others after splitting the corpus based on the time elapsed since the #metoo: 0-2 years or 2-4 years. Results: Preliminary analyses carried out on the whole corpus highlight temporal differences between the lexical classes. In the 0-2 years post-metoo period, the place of the speech (legal or social) and of the awareness of violence is opposed to the experienced violence (context, actions and feelings). In the 2-4 year post-metoo period, the discussion of the violence experienced contrasts with a concern about knowledge of the experience (Who knows? Who can I tell?) but also with the consequences of the violence. The different themes emerging from the analyses will be discussed, especially the place of disclosure of violence. Discussion: The temporal evolution of experiential discourses will be discussed as a mirror of the socio-representational and societal evolution of post-metoo sexual violence (Jodelet, 2006). We will expose consequences of disclosure as stakes of communication evolution. References: Fairclough, N. (2010). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Critical Study of Language (2nd ed.). Routledge. Jodelet, D. (2006). The place of lived experience in the processes of formation of social representations. In V. Hass, Les savoirs du quotidien. Transmissions, Appropriations, Représentations (Presses universitaires de Rennes, p. 235-255). Kalampalikis, N. (2003). The contribution of the Alceste method in the analysis of social representations. In J.-C. Abric, Méthodes d'étude des représentations sociales (pp. 147-163). Erès. DOI : 10.3917/eres.abric.2003.01.0147 Kunst, J., Bailey, A., Prendergast, C., & Gundersen, A. B. (2018). Sexism, rape myths and feminist identification explain gender differences in attitudes towards the #metoo social media campaign in two countries. Media Psychology, 22, 1-26. Py, B. (2004). For a linguistic approach to social representations. Langages, 154(2), 6-19. Sambaraju, R. (2020). "I Would Have Taken This to My Grave, Like Most Women": Reporting Sexual Harassment during the #MeToo movement in India. Journal of Social Issues, 76, 603-631. Strauss Swanson, C., & Szymanski, D. M. (2020). From pain to power: An exploration of activism, the #Metoo movement, and healing from sexual assault trauma. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 67(6), 653-668. Szekeres, H., Shuman, E., & Saguy, T. (2020). Views of sexual assault following #MeToo: The role of gender and individual differences. Personality and Individual Differences, 166, 1-6.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 1:15:57 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 10:26:57 AM
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Maeva Genin, Emmanuelle Le Barbenchon, Thémis Apostolidis. Analyses de témoignages de personnes ayant vécu des violence(s) sexuelle(s). De la séduction à l'agression ? La question du harcèlement., Nov 2021, Tours, France. ⟨hal-03479529⟩



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