Etude exploratoire des relations entre conscience émotionnelle, partage social des émotions, états anxieux et états dépressifs

Abstract : The anxious and depressive states are increasingly common. Their respective current prevalence is estimated around 12%. This research aims to study how the emotional specific individuals may submit each type of condition (anxiety and/or depression). Our objective is to analyse the relationships that might exist between these states, the level of emotional awareness (capacity for the identification and differentiation of one's own emotions and those of others) and the social sharing of emotions process (mechanism interpersonal emotional regulation). The sample is composed by 107 volunteers from general medical practice on the one hand and population-run second. The average age of all subjects is 43.21 years (± 12.76) with a ratio of 13 men for 94 women. Two groups of subjects were formed on the basis of their levels of anxiety and depression assessed by the HAD (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Zigmond and al., 1983). The « AD » group consists of subjects anxious and anxiety-depression (N = 60). The « NAD » group consists of subjects not anxious and not depressive (N = 47). Scales of self-evaluation up our protocol: the assessment of levels of emotional awareness (LEAS; Lane and al., 1990) and the assessment of social sharing emotions (Rimé, 1991) used on the basis of the recall of a significant negative event. Correlational analysis showed the presence of a negative relationship between the level of emotional awareness and dimension of anxiety (r= -. 26, p=.04), but positive between the level of awareness and depression (r=.37; p=.003). In addition, individuals anxious to demonstrate a trend of social inhibition sharing emotions (r= -.26 ; p=.05) in order not to reactivate the negative emotional experience, whereas in the case of depression, is the inhibition of certain aspects emotional experiences (r=.33 ; p=.01) that the individual does not wish to submit to the other’s view. The results show interesting data on a population "sub-clinical" (anxiety-depressive subjects supported in general medicine). Their scope is limited by the size of the sample that could be expanded to continue our investigations. This study helps to deepen knowledge about the capabilities of identification and regulation of emotions of people showing symptoms of anxiety and/or depression.
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Aurélie Pasquier, Jean-Louis Pedinielli. Etude exploratoire des relations entre conscience émotionnelle, partage social des émotions, états anxieux et états dépressifs. L'Encéphale, Elsevier Masson, 2010, Dépression, 36 (S2), pp.97-104. ⟨10.1016/j.encep.2009.01.007⟩. ⟨hal-01271923⟩

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